The name “MVP” refers both to an educational philosophy and to a highly developed training program, in which participants are introduced to key concepts and strategies for implementing the model’s core teaching in their schools, workplaces and extended peer cultures. When it comes to sexual violence on college campuses we believe that bystander intervention complements prevention (link to risk reduction/prevention page) efforts that focus on potential perpetrators (as they are the only ones, who through making the conscious choice to not perpetrate can truly prevent sexual violence) and risk reduction strategies which focus on potential victims. THE BYSTANDER APPROACH. At KCC we want to create a culture of bystanders who are actively engaged in the prevention of violence, bullying and abuse. Another important concept is “pluralistic ignorance” which means that we generally base our reaction to events off of how other people are reacting. What is Bystander Intervention? It’s not just men who intervene; women act as bystanders all the time. As your friend I’ve gotta tell you that getting a girl drunk to have sex with her isn’t cool, and could get you in a lot of trouble. [1]  However, men are often hesitant to hold other men accountable for their behavior because of the belief that they’re the only one that thinks something is wrong. These studies should be an affirmation that when we believe something is not right we should trust ourselves, not base our beliefs off of how other people are reacting (or not reacting). Here are a couple suggestions of ways to intervene that some students have shared: -Texting your friend to check in and see if they’re cool with the situation. Having the skills to address problems, reduce harm, and deal with concerning situations that we witness is a critical way to contribute to a positive culture on campus. The experiment asked a group of participants to identify which line (A, B, or C) most closely resembled the line on the far left. Social-psychologist Solomon Asch ran a series of experiments to determine how group norms pressure individuals into conformity. Bystander intervention can take a variety of forms from interrupting the harassment to informally addressing the harassment after the fact, to formally reporting the harassment, to encouraging others’ allyship in ensuring a positive work environment. Being inclusive by welcoming others to join their activities and groups2 2. This can be an effective approach but it’s important to take masculine socialization (link to men and masculinity page) into consideration as to not encourage a strategy that will cause more harm. Name or acknowledge an offense. HOW TO BE A GOOD BYSTANDER. White allies and well-intentioned bystanders play in the struggle for equal rights (Scully & Rowe, 2009; Spanierman & Smith, 2017). See Resources on Campus for more information. Bystander Intervention is recognizing a potentially harmful situation or interaction and choosing to respond in a way that could positively influence the outcome. Step UP! is also assessing a situation to determine what kind of intervention, if any, might be appropriate. This ti p sheet explains why bystander intervention is important and includes strategies on how to intervene. For example, in a campus community this includes administrators, faculty, staff, students, family members, and even local … Strategies in the Moment. In some situations humor can be a really useful tool to defuse a situation because it can be perceived by the aggressor as less threatening than direct confrontation. For a victim of sudden cardiac arrest in an out-of-hospital setting, CPR (performed by pushing hard and fast on the center of the chest) by a bystander could save their life. Most men have been socialized to protect women (think about all the movies you’ve seen where a woman is in a state of helplessness and a man swoops in to save her), and it’s not a bad thing necessarily to want to make sure people are safe (regardless of gender). However, there are several concepts that we can take a look which will hopefully help you make your decision when you’re in the moment. 4. Before continuing, please find out what you need to know about, MURALS (Multicultural Undergraduate Research Art and Leadership Symposium), https://ohl.rainn.org/online/resources/prevent-sexual-assault.cfm, Center for Women’s Studies and Gender Research. When someone is telling you a story about an injustice that happened to them, a simple “I’m so sorry that happened to you” can speak leaps and bounds about supporting each other’s struggles. Green Dot Strategy The Green Dot Strategy is a comprehensive approach to violence prevention that capitalizes on the power of peer and cultural influence across all levels of the socio-ecological model. The idea behind bystander intervention is basically that from time to time we all find ourselves in situations where we witness troubling and potentially harmful behavior, and at that moment we have the choice to either interrupt the problematic behavior or remain complacent and allow the situation to escalate. model: Safe, Early, Effective, Kind • Warning signs, action steps, and resources. Unfortunately, research often suggests that the more people that are around during an emergency situation, the less likely a bystander is to intervene. Snaps someone out of their “sexist comfort zone.” 112 Student Services Bystander intervention . And it’s not just women who can benefit from bystander intervention. 3. ... Help them brainstorm strategies for how to cope with the problem. Parents, teachers, and other caring adults can recommend safe ways that bystanders can prevent, intervene, or address bullying. Five decision-making steps • Strategies for effective helping including the 5 Ds • S.E.E.K. Walking or sitting with or near vulnerable kids who may be targets o… 'Bystander Intervention' is simply when a Bystander makes the decision to get involved and intervene in the situation. on bystander intervention as different situations and one's own risk factors will influence how they intervene; however, we seek to hold space for people to share skills and experiences in a safer and affirming environment. If you’re looking like you’re just having a good time things usually smooth over nicely (meaning the dude doesn’t flip out). When it came time for the unknowing participant to answer, an overwhelming majority of the time she/he answered “line B”, even though she/he individually believed the correct answer was line A (which is was). Reframes the intervention as caring and non-critical. Bystander Intervention … In addition, many bystander intervention programs rely upon and reinforce a type of masculinity that can make for problematic interventions (more on this in a couple paragraphs). The most effective time to act may be later, not on the spot, and you may want to get advice before taking steps. Intervention may be direct and obvious, such as stating directly to the offending person that the behavior is unacceptable, or may be via subterfuge, such as interrupting an argument to ask for directions. Ensure that friends who are incapacitated don’t leave without you or go to secluded places with someone. Of course, you should not choose a course of action that puts you or anyone else at risk of harm. Identify when it’s appropriate to intervene. Well, all of the participants except one were being paid to say that the correct answer was line B. -Having a conversation beforehand and agreeing upon secret “cues” that will let your friend know that it’s time to go. Help calm strong feelings. Recognizing situations of potential harm Understanding institutional structures and cultural conditions that facilitate violence, overcoming barriers to intervening, identifying safe and effective intervention options, and taking actions to intervene bystander intervention campaigN Student bystanders can be the difference makers in preventing harm and lives lost on our campuses. Asch ran the experiment again, but this time one of the paid participants was instructed to answer “line A”. Prevention steps include: 1. 8am – 5pm, VAT Hotline: 970-492-4242 But too often, even the most well intentioned individuals are ill prepared to intervene and offer help in the moments that matter most. Learn More Strategies If you see someone who looks like they are in trouble, ask if they are ok. DON’T LEAVE THEM ALONE. Physical Danger/Ambulance: 617-253-1212, Emotional Distress: 617-253-2916. It is a choice is a comprehensive bystander intervention program... That Teaches You. that promote sexual violence. When your friend is getting grinded on (instead of grinding with) smoothly roll in and become the new dance partner. Get help 3. Get creative. Note that these tactics involve things like checking in with that person, using low-key methods like calling her cell phone, and generally keep the intervention fairly covert as to not escalate the situation. Why do we sometimes intervene and other times do nothing? Being a role model for pro-social behavior by showing kindness, respect, and empathy for others. Bystander Intervention. Monday-Friday. If we were to make a spectrum of anti-violence strategies it would look something like this: While some colleges and universities are heavily invested in bystander intervention it’s important to remember the limitations of this approach. While bystander intervention can be implemented as a strategy to reduce a range of social problems, our focus is on how it can be implemented to interrupt gender-based and sexual violence. implement bystander intervention approaches by integrating programs into residential life programs, freshman orientation, alcohol and drug education, sorority and fraternity life, as well as student organizations and clubs. Men are subject to other men’s harassment as well and bystander intervention can be a really great tool to defuse any of these situations. -Using humor. 112 Student Services Home Bystander Intervention Tips and Strategies Bystander Intervention Tips and Strategies. What Makes Us More/Less Likely to Intervene? (corner of Libbie Coy and University Ave.) Featured Image. Step UP! Email Us  |  Mediation@MIT  |  MIT Home © 2004 Active Bystander Program and Mediation@MIT. Four Intervention Strategies 1. 8am – 5pm Because most perpetrators of gender violence are men, many bystander intervention programs focus on the ways that men can intervene when they see other men committing gender violence. Bystander Intervention Bystander Intervention Strategies. The first concept is called “diffusion of responsibility” and it basically means that an individual feels more personal responsibility to intervene if they are the only one around. If one person reacts and tries to interrupt the situation others are likely to follow. 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