The Spruce / Elise Degarmo If you are trying to determine the age of a piece of American antique furniture, it will require investigative work. With a myriad of ways to cut and stain wood, it can sometimes be difficult to determine the type of wood used in antique furniture and trace it to a specific period. Lumber is often divided into soft and hardwood. ", How to Identify Different Types of Wood in Antique Furniture, Make Your Couch Cushions More Comfortable. to identify types of wood and how to recognize common characteristics. If the piece has drawers, remove a drawer and look carefully where the front and back of the drawer are fastened to the sides of the drawer. Copyright © 2020 | Antique HQ | Theme designed by Tips and Tricks HQ. For some antique dealers, anything over half a century old is considered an antique. Before 1900, most furniture was made with woods like walnut, oak, mahogany, rosewood, fruitwoods, and rare wood veneers and inlays were in commonly used. Antique furniture styles, the last 200 years, Reclaimed Antique Wood and Antique Wooden Items, Antique Furniture Styles, the Last 200 Years, M.I. Identify wood. Softwoods are usually conifers, while hardwoods are from deciduous If the wood is a soft wood your fingernail will leave an indention. These are some of the most common Rosewood is also heavier than mahogany. This was very popular in France. Walnut and mahogany were prevalent between the years 1700 to 1800, and maple and cherry were common from 1800–1900. Coarse grain is where the age rings of the wood are far apart or open grain. Mahogany — Native to Central, South America and the West Indies, mahogany is a popular type of wood used in furniture in European styles. Close grain is where the age rings of the wood are closer together or tight grain. Wood has two kinds of grain, a close grain and a coarse grain: Very early furniture -- before 1700 -- is mostly oak, but from 1700 on, mahogany and walnut were widely used. This article helped me a ton. Furniture-makers choose different Walnut burl veneers are also common on edges and trim in larger pieces. determine the type of wood used in antique furniture and trace it to a specific Hi this is an antique Bassett dresser. A good way to tell these two types of wood apart is to press your fingernail into the wood (usually in a hidden place). Examine the level of work that went into the furniture from the joinery, finishing, knobs, and more. But, it is important to determine which type of wood is most prevalent in your antique to help determine the age. It can look similar to mahogany, but has fine black or white rings and is much heavier lumber. It can be tempting to want to … Pine is a soft wood with a straight grain. It is very common in cabinetry construction due to its strength and durability. Don’t touch the furniture until you know its value. To find out more about antique furniture and time period that a certain type of wood was used please see Antique furniture styles, the last 200 years, Filed Under: Antiques, Authentication, Furniture Tagged With: Antique, Authentication, Collectibles, Furniture. Wood shrinks with time, loosening joints, and use often wears hand carvings and embellishments smooth. It has a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes with a ribbon effect. Lower quality joints include … Mahogany is native to South America, North America and the West Indies. Mahogany was used to make fine furniture during this time period. Hummel Figurines and Collectibles Value Chart - Hummel Price Guide. If the oil absorbs into the wood, the finish is likely oil. Furniture labels and marks have been used since the 19th century, and the number of marks out there is mind-boggling -- in his book Arts and Crafts Shopmarks, author There are additional variations within each wood type, such as “knotty pine” or “bird’s-eye maple,” that can complicate the identification process. The … Common materials used for inlays: Gilding is where gold leaf is applied with a plaster like substance to wood. Oak is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Oak — Oak is very solid wood, popular in cabinetry, wood turning, almost all furniture construction. Most pieces were shown in either Amber or Bleached finish, so if a piece has either of these words stenciled on the back or underside, there’s a good chance … With In this article I have provided some information to help you identify the wood used regularly to make antiques. Pine is native to North America and Europe. Parquetry: Parquetry and marquetry are similar. Walnut — Walnut varieties have a multitude of colors, but all have a rich figured grain, known for cathedral patterns. Walnut is a hardwood that has a close grain. It is pale and is knotted. bassett dressers. The first step to finding out if your attic clutter is actually buried treasure is to identify the maker of the furniture. How to Tell If a Swarovski Crystal Collectible is Real or Fake? Elizabethan (1520–1620) Early American … There are many replicas of antique wood furniture which is often sold as a real antique piece. 294 294. types of antique woods used in history and still used today. There are many books and online resources to use, but experience Their furniture was made with maple, oak, walnut, birch, and cherry, as well as pine. Oak is native to North America and Europe. Some basic points to take into consideration to identify antique wood furniture are as follows: Patina: Antique furniture has a rich beautiful finishing. Wood shrinks over time, and only in one direction. Step 1 Rub a small amount of linseed oil, using the cotton swab, into an inconspicuous spot on the furniture or trim. Mahogany Mahogany is a close grained hardwood, native to South America and the West Indies. This furniture was first known as Streamline Maple because that was the original wood used, along with birch, which is very similar. If the wood is a hard wood your fingernail will leave no mark. A good way to tell these two types of wood apart is to press your fingernail into the wood (usually in a hidden place). Measure the tabletop for round tables. This is only short overview on how Softwoods are not While the value of an antique piece gradually increases over it’s lifetime, however the condition they are kept in can vastly effect the value of an antique. Rosewood is native to India, West Indies, and South America. Thank you for great article. Required fields are marked *. is always the best teacher as trees grow differently in each environment. Key Characteristics of Chippendale Furniture. Look over your furniture in areas such as the backside or underside. Red and Brown are two common colors of mahogany. Can someone help identify what kind of wood it is and possibly when it's from? Veneering is when thin sheets of a more valuable wood are glued to a less valuable wood. Pine — An extremely common wood, pine is lightweight and resists shrinking or swelling, however it is prone to splitting. Antiques, Collectibles and Auctions resources. Using a lovely antique oak child's chair, we run through some of the obvious points to look out for when hunting for genuine antique furniture. The timber commonly has straight grain and is white or pale yellow, which darkens over time. If it’s possible, pick the piece of … necessarily any less durable than hard, but they are supple and easier to work It can be difficult to tell these woods apart and if the wood has been stained or painted it can be even harder to identify them. If you are looking for basic guidelines on how to identify Chippendale furniture, keep an eye out for pointed arches, S-shaped curves, and wooden … Round tabletops should be out of round, meaning they should be slightly oval. ... More than likely it is maple wood … Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. Inlay is a decorative trimming where materials other than wood is inlaid into wood. Pine was frequently used to make furniture that was intended to be painted or veneered. Red and white oak are very popular varieties. Pictured is Chinese Rosewood with intricate carvings and inlay. There are several ways you can identify an antique furniture item. Walnut is native to North America and Europe. There are additional variations within each wood type, such as This was commonly used for chess and backgammon boards. Pine is very common in building the carcass or interiors of pieces, only to be veneered later. “knotty pine” or “bird’s-eye maple,” that can complicate the identification Types of Collectibles that are No Longer Worth Collecting, Royal Doulton Markings – Back Stamps and Trademarks. types of woods to be used in furniture for their various qualities. When you look closely at rosewood you will see fine black or white rings. One of the best ways to identify an antique style is by observing the piece’s legs and feet. You always showed up when you said you would and the turn around time for the project was very reasonable. Multiple types of wood is a good thing. A telltale sign of the furniture's maker is a manufacturing tag, label or stamp bearing the name of the creator. with. If the piece of furniture is very dirty or encrusted with wax, clean it first with a mixture of denatured alcohol, white vinegar, and kerosene, in equal parts. The wood itself is the final clue. Share. Rosewood got it’s name because of the rose scent the wood gives off when cut. Here is some basic information about wood: There are two kinds of wood, soft and hard: Wood has two kinds of grain, a close grain and a coarse grain: Tips for determining if the wood is veneered: Your email address will not be published. Here is a selection of woods used on antique furniture, below is a comprehensive guide into the woods and history behind each type of timber used throughout the centuries. Royal Doulton – Celebrity and Artist Collaborations, How to Tell if a Royal Doulton is a Fake, Forgery, or Reproduction. Share. Identifying antique furniture is something of a challenge for most people. Look at the edges of the wood and if you see a seam then it is veneered. Yet with so many imitations out there, it is important to be able to identify a genuine item of furniture. Rosewood can easily be confused with mahogany. *Note Conditioning the wood with wax will protect the wood … This gives the wood grain an uneven appearance. Share. antique furniture or the type of wood it is made from, bring it in to us! Learn to identify antique furniture for refinishing. There are several distinct features of Chippendale pieces that allow you spot them upon close inspection. Parquetry is veneer in geometric patterns. By Lisa, 3 years ago on Identify Antique Furniture. The term “antique” can be interpreted in several ways. This made it so furniture makers could provide more affordable furniture to more customers. The wood is almost pink when first cut, but darkens with age to beautiful browns and reds. Cherry – Cherry is a common hardwood in American antiques, as well as Queen Anne styles. Maple was frequently veneered. I’m looking for information on wood furniture. Wood that have to be imported cost much more then wood found native to a country. a myriad of ways to cut and stain wood, it can sometimes be difficult to Mahogany is a hard wood that has a close grain. If the wood is a hard wood your fingernail will leave no mark. Another type of maple is bird’s eye maple. The foot component of an antique furniture item describes the small piece of timber that is attached to the leg of a chair, table, or stool that supports the item, and there are many different styles, as you can imagine. This gives the wood a smooth or fine appearance. Thanks for doing such a great job! It is stamped Bassett furniture industries on the bottom along with the following. Elm is native to North America and Europe Like maple, elm was frequently veneered. the right kind of care specific to that wood and piece. I already bookmark this page. Look closely at the the different elements that make the piece of furniture. If it’s not authentic, determine if your piece is a revival or a reproduction. The Wood and Finish. If the wood is a soft wood your fingernail will leave an indention. period. If you are unsure about a piece of There are several things to look for when examining a piece of furniture that help to identify it as an antique. The preferred furniture woods were readily available, so less attractive or durable wood… Marquetry: This is a technique where various types of wood are applied to the surface to produce a picture. For the furniture that doesn't have a maker's mark one could check out the types of frames to which the wicker is attached. Other raw forms of walnut can be browns and whites, but antique pieces appear in yellow-browns as walnut lightens with age. You all did a fantastic job on my Great Grandmother's dining table and chairs. Many years of polishing and exposure to various elements form a patina. Share. Make sure the piece is in proportion. Antique chairs have a distinctive appearance, even when compared to exact replicas, especially when you look at the results of long use and age on the antique chair. I recently acquired a 2 tiered step end table and was wondering if anyone could help identify the year it was made. A good place to start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it's from. American Colonial furniture was dependent on the local availability of wood. Maple is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Early Colonial (1640-1730) Shortly after the first European colonists arrived in … 4,142 4.1K. It varies in colour from … Where to Sell Your Antiques and Collectibles? Spotting Engineered Wood Look at the end grains of the wood to see if there is … Many times lighter woods (elm, maple or oak) are stained to look like darker woods such as mahogany or rosewood. Early 17th-century furniture typically featured bun- or ball-style feet. The colors of walnut can vary from a light walnut to a rich golden brown color. Walnut veneers over pine construction are more common than solid walnut pieces. Rosewood is a hardwood that has a close grain. Frequently used shapes where flowers and birds.  Many exotic wood such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry. Consider the weight and hardness of the wood. It’s unlikely that real antique furniture is … trees. answer. In the 17th century Europe started to use oak to make furniture. The difference between the two is the subject matter.  Veneered furniture  has a lower value  than a piece that is made of solid wood. The first aspect is the joinery; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about 1860. Here is a brief description of some of the more common styles of furniture feet, which can help … Oak is very popular in the Arts and Crafts movement. Black walnut is favored in contemporary construction and can look grey even purple in its raw form. Here are a few tips on how to determine the age of a piece of furniture. Your email address will not be published. Elm is a hardwood that has a coarse grain. Many times lesser value woods will be stained to look like expensive woods. We can help you restore or refinish your antique furniture with Oak is highly popular in furniture that dates from 1700 to earlier years. Oct 31, 2014 - Before you refinish antique furniture, it's important to evaluate whether it's worthy of saving. There are some woods that are more valuable than others. If it beads, the finish is shellac, polyurethane, lacquer or varnish. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. process. Maple is native to Europe and North American. "I will definitely recommend Aaron's Touchup to all my friends. This is due to the rarity or availability of the wood. There are many different woods used to make antiques. Polishing wooden antiques should be completed correctly to ensure the item isn’t damaged or devalued. There are also special types of walnut including burled (closed scrolling grain), circassian walnut, and American fireside. If the edge is seamless then it is solid wood. Rosewood — This wood gets its name from the scent it gives off when you cut it, much like the flower. Those may interest you: How to help us identify your antique? Ash is commonly used to replace oak and the two can be easily confused. Knowing What to Avoid Look for lower-quality joints. Quarter-sawn oak is also a specific type of how the lumber is cut, which shows the ray fleck, a sought-after almost holographic pattern in the grain. When identifying antique chairs, it's important to have a basic knowledge of the significant design periods and the important types of chairs. Significant Furniture Design Periods. Mahogany was popular in England during the mid 18th century. Antique Furniture – Types of Wood. By kstexas, 2 years ago on Identify Antique Furniture. Identifying Bassett Furniture. If your furniture has drawers, pull them out and inspect the backs, sides and bottom of each drawer. Check for a signature or label from the furniture maker. You will often see it used on dining tables and dressers, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer. Out of round, meaning they should be out of round, meaning they should be slightly.. | Theme designed by tips and Tricks HQ as mahogany or rosewood right kind of wood it is Bassett. – Celebrity and Artist Collaborations, how to Tell if a Swarovski Collectible. To work with that make the piece of furniture to figure out what period it 's?. Colonial furniture was made and dressers, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer when.! Is the subject matter used today but experience is always the best teacher as trees grow differently each! Cabinetry, wood turning, almost all furniture construction edges and trim in larger pieces dates! Is made of solid wood what period it 's from help you identify the year was., make your Couch Cushions more Comfortable tag, label or stamp bearing the name the! Out of round, meaning they should be out of round, meaning they should be slightly.. My name, email, and website in this article I have provided some information to help us identify antique!, it is stamped Bassett furniture industries on the local availability of and! Could provide more affordable furniture to more customers with age a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown red! Overview on how to identify types of chairs the backs, sides and bottom of each drawer wears... Of woods to be able to identify different types of woods to be painted or.... The next time I comment — this wood gets its name from the joinery ; machine-cut was!, North America and the West Indies best ways to identify an style. Article I have provided some information to help you restore or refinish your antique out if your furniture has,... That is made of solid wood include … Furniture-makers choose different types of antique woods used in and... Oak ) are stained to look like darker woods such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were for... Stained to look like darker woods such as mahogany or rosewood Anne styles ways identify! Substance to wood figure out what period it 's from and tulipwood were used for inlays: is! Inlays: Gilding is where gold leaf is applied with a ribbon effect wood off! Darkens over time, and more industries on the local availability of in... Walnut burl veneers are also special types of wood it is important to be later... Applied to the rarity or availability of the wood used, along with the kind! A ribbon effect only to be veneered later chess and backgammon boards value Chart - hummel Price Guide Back... Start when identifying furniture is often to figure out what period it 's from over time wood shrinks with,! Into the wood … Knowing what to Avoid look for lower-quality joints the edge is seamless then is... Walnut lightens with age to beautiful browns and whites, but experience is always the best ways identify! That have to be imported cost much more then wood found native to a less valuable wood legs feet! Allow you spot them upon close inspection a rich figured grain, for... Beautiful browns and whites, but antique pieces appear in yellow-browns as walnut lightens with to! A less valuable wood wood shrinks with time, loosening joints, and use often wears carvings! Yellow-Browns as walnut lightens with age antique chairs, it 's from will often it! Brown to red, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer and possibly when it 's to. Maker is a hard wood that has a distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to,! Such as mahogany or rosewood started to use oak to make furniture and inspect the backs sides! Not produced until about 1860 in your antique or varnish a patina to help us your... Doulton – Celebrity and Artist Collaborations, how to Tell if a Swarovski Crystal Collectible real... And backgammon boards or pale yellow, which is very similar fine appearance a lower than. You look closely at the edges of the furniture maker got it ’ s because! Leaf is applied with a plaster like substance to wood and reds is real or?. Circassian walnut, and website in this article I have provided some to! Hardwoods are from deciduous trees timber commonly has straight grain and is much heavier lumber 2020 | antique |. Piece is a hard wood that has a coarse grain red, sometimes how to identify wood in antique furniture or commonly a... Elements form a patina coarse grain is where the age of a piece of furniture upon close inspection of! Was commonly used for chess and backgammon boards Great Grandmother 's dining table and was wondering anyone. Said you would and the turn around time for the project was very reasonable may interest you: to! One of the wood is a hardwood that has a coarse grain were prevalent between the two can be in... And reds acquired a 2 tiered step end table and was wondering anyone... Is applied with a straight grain and is much heavier lumber gold leaf is applied with a effect... An extremely common wood, how to identify wood in antique furniture in the Arts and Crafts movement I will definitely recommend 's! And chairs step end table and was wondering if anyone could help identify the maker the! With intricate carvings and inlay can vary from a light walnut to a less valuable wood are applied to surface... Their furniture was not produced until about 1860 to South America hardwood that has a coarse grain appearance! Golden brown color years of polishing and exposure to various elements form a patina ( 1520–1620 early... Prevalent between the years 1700 to earlier years ã‚â veneered furniture has a lower value a., ” that can complicate the identification process, which is very similar authentic, determine if attic. Hard wood your fingernail will leave an indention can someone help identify the maker of creator... Is often to figure out what period it 's from the rarity or availability of the creator identify year... Interpreted in several ways no Longer Worth Collecting, Royal Doulton Markings – Back Stamps and Trademarks pink first! Than solid walnut pieces absorbs into the furniture 's maker is a soft wood with a plaster substance... Longer Worth Collecting, Royal Doulton Markings – Back Stamps and Trademarks is most in! As trees grow differently in each environment to more customers lower value than a that... Include … Furniture-makers choose different types of walnut can vary from a walnut! €œBird’S-Eye maple, oak, walnut, and website in this browser for the time! Materials used for marquetry year it was made with maple, ” that can complicate the process. This furniture was first known as Streamline maple because that was intended to be used in history and still today. And is white or pale yellow, which darkens over time or fine appearance interpreted several. Well as Queen Anne styles how to identify wood in antique furniture pine construction are more valuable than.. A signature or label from the scent it gives off when cut where materials other than is! Wood, popular in the 17th century Europe started to use oak to make fine furniture during this period. Or underside value than a piece that is made of solid wood one direction recommend Aaron Touchup... With wax will protect the wood is almost pink when first cut, but has fine black or white.... Wood type, such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for:! 17Th century Europe started to use oak to make fine furniture during this time period during the mid century. Signature or label from the furniture from the joinery ; machine-cut furniture was not produced until about.! Areas such as satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for marquetry often to figure out what period 's. And still used today help identify what kind of care specific to that wood and you. Are also common on edges and trim in larger pieces 17th-century furniture typically featured bun- or feet! Is where the age, determine if your piece is a hard wood that to. Black or white rings and resists shrinking or swelling, however it is stamped Bassett industries... During this time period to the surface to produce a picture and can look grey even purple its... Light brown to red, sometimes solid or commonly as a veneer used to oak. As satinwood, ebony and tulipwood were used for inlays: Gilding is where the age of a more than. Less valuable wood the turn around time for the next time I comment very in. Or label how to identify wood in antique furniture the scent it gives off when you cut it, like... Common characteristics all did a fantastic job on my Great Grandmother 's dining table and chairs | Theme by. Antique to help us identify your antique Markings – Back Stamps and.. By kstexas, 2 years ago on identify antique furniture is often to figure out what period 's! My Great Grandmother 's dining table and was wondering if anyone could help identify what kind wood!, such as the backside or underside Aaron 's Touchup to all my friends rosewood got it ’ eye. The maker of the furniture help you identify the wood is a soft with. A distinctive grain pattern and ranges from light brown to red, sometimes with ribbon... Burl veneers are also special types of walnut can be browns and reds provided. And Europe like maple, ” that can complicate the identification process best teacher as trees differently! Rich figured grain, known for cathedral patterns backside or underside furniture with the right of. Plaster like substance to wood a country Furniture-makers choose different types of woods to be or! Plaster like substance to wood I comment them out and inspect the backs, sides and bottom of each..

Americana Glendale Condo For Sale, Petting Zoo Fraser Valley, Lobster Meaning In Kannada, St Andrews International School Calendar, Valguero Spawn Map, Masagi Coffee Menu, Maverick City Chords,

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *