How to grow Rhopalostylis sapida “Pitt Island” (Nikau) Commonly known as The Pitt Island Nikau, this is one of the hardier Nikau Palm varieties. A stunningly attractive option for the coast, it fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease. [1], The nikau palm is the only palm species endemic to mainland New Zealand. It is best done in summer, but a substantial root ball should be preserved, and shade should be provided at the new location - at the very least by tying the outer fronds closer to the centre. Low drought tolerance. New Zealand’s only palm has six distinctively different forms. This attractive palm, should be in every garden. Nikau Palm Rhopalostylis sapida (Uncommon) Outdoors, semi shade or morning sun. Dwarf Palmetto Palm Sabal minor (Uncommon) Nikau are already extremely popular overseas particularly on the western seaboard of the United States where they arrived over one hundred and fifty years ago with the shipments of our Kauri timber. This is also most apparent on juvenile trees. Overall mature height is also quite similar, thirty feet being an exceptionally old tree. To obtain the best effects it should be planted in a rich fertile soil, in a warm reasonably sheltered position, feet in the shade head in the sun. To 6m, 3m canopy. At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. This Nikau has that classic iconic NZ look with distinctive upright stiff fronds and the American term "shaving brush" or "feather duster" palm is a very appropriate description for the form of this Nikau. The central bud is edible and was eaten by both early Maori and Europeans. Evening everyone. It grows readily from seed if the fruit is soaked in water for a few days and then gently scrubbed to remove the flesh. • They are slow-growing, taking about 100 years to reach a maximum height of 10-15m. Take for example the recent plantings in and around Queen Street in central Auckland. Frost hardy palm trees. The nikau thrives on cool temperatures, but is not subject to freezing weather in its natural habitat. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. The trunk is topped by a smooth, bulging crownshaft up to 1m long. NÄ«kau palms also grow on the Chatham Islands, and some botanists believe the plants there belong to a separate species. Transplanting juveniles is generally successful if the main root is left intact. Indeed, the New Zealand nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida, is the most southerly growing palm tree in the world. The fronds are up to 3 m long, and the closely set, sometimes overlapping leaflets are up to 1 m long. In New Zealand the name 'Kermadec nikau' is used to refer to the Kermadec Islands population. It does well in areas with a mild Mediterranean climate. Palm trees (Arecaceae spp.) At Tawapou these are the only three varieties of Nikau that we grow. We propagate all our palms by seeds and are careful to select the correct varieties. Despite New Zealand’s mild climate frosts are an ever-present winter risk in many parts of the country. Male flowers are borne in pairs, and have six stamens. New Zealands only native palm and one of our best known iconic species. • Kentia Palm ( Howea forsteriana): an indoor favourite, but can do well in outdoor containers. We have a large range of sizes of NZ Nikau, Chinese Windmill Palms,Dwarf Palmetto Palms, King Ferns, Astelia Silver Spear, Kauri, Wine Palms, Queen Palms, and Bangalow Palms. Long, dense panicles of bowl-shaped to spherical, lilac, purple-pink, or cream flowers in summer and autumn are followed by red fruit. It is found in the North Island and the northern South Island from the Marlborough Sounds and Nelson south to near Okarito in the west and Banks Peninsula (near Christchurch) in the east. There they are commonly known as the ""feather duster palms or the "shaving brush palms". Rhopalostylis sapida, the nikau (Māori: nÄ«kau) is a palm tree endemic to New Zealand, and the only palm native to mainland New Zealand. NÄ«kau is a Māori word; in the closely related Eastern Polynesian languages of the tropical Pacific, it refers to the fronds or the midrib of the coconut palm. The hardiest palm in the world is known as the needle palm (Rhapidophyllum Hystrix) and is able to handle temperatures below -18°C (0°F). All Content © 2006 - 2020 Tawapou Coastal Natives From a central trunk it produces large and broad fronds with a gentle arch. It’s a big thing over there now—tropical-looking plants which can survive Britain’s cold, wet, dark winters. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. The nikau does not have a true tap root. These fabulous plantings will only further enhance these plants popularity. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. The seed will then germinate readily if placed in sealed plastic bags in partial shade, after which they can be planted in deep pots. Suitable for pots. The Cascade Palm is a low growing, clumping, small palm that’s unlikely to ever grow taller than around four-foot-tall in most locations. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. One of the world’s most southern palms, also known as Chatham Island Nikau. The nÄ«kau palm is unique to New Zealand and it primarily occurs in coastal to lowland forest in warmer regions. Pair of older trees in Lotus Land, Santa Barbara, California. Delays should be avoided in getting the nikau into its new ground, and substantial die-back of all but the central spike can be expected. Words and photos: Barb Davies The nïkau palms on our farm give our family great pleasure. [2], Nikau images and artworks, Museum of New Zealand Te Papa Tongarewa, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhopalostylis_sapida&oldid=994093337, IUCN Red List conservation dependent species, Use New Zealand English from February 2020, All Wikipedia articles written in New Zealand English, Articles with unsourced statements from September 2020, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 14 December 2020, at 02:10. This palm as its common name suggests is found only on Raoul Island in the Kermadec group. We’ve selected a few palms that are unusually frost hardy. Successful transplanting is possible, but nikau is very fickle if any trunk is present. Great privacy palm with large spanning leaves creating a barrier. Ground watering is recommended because crown watering can induce terminal rot at the very slow-growing new spike. The nikau palm shows considerable variation in the wild. Two … In the south island as far south as Wanganui Bluff on the west coast, banks peninsula on the east and also Chatham Island. cheesemanii). The pots should be tall and narrow to provide room for the taproot and to lessen the likelihood of root damage when transplanting. Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. It prefers damp shady spots but will do well in exposed sites as well, particularly along the coast. Palms were common at this time, and even included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica. Nikau Palm.jpg 993 × 660; 212 KB Nikau Palme 01.jpg 477 × 1,024; 334 KB Nikau palms along stream at Scotts Beach in Kahurangi National Park.jpg 3,264 × 4,896; 7.05 MB Needle palm, Porcupine palm, Hedgehog palm, Blue palmetto: Rhapidophyllum hystrix: Nikau palm, Shaving brush palm: Rhopalostylis sapida: Norfolk Island palm: Rhopalostylis baueri: O: Old man palm, Mat palm: Coccothrinax crinita: Overtop palm: Syagrus amara: P: Pacific beauty palm: Clinostigma savoryanum: Palmiste Rouge, Barbel Palm, Red palm: Acanthophoenix rubra The newest weed in the garden here is a palm - not the native nikau palm, although that, too, seeds down freely and requires regular culling. • Windmill Palm (Trachycarpus fortunei): extremely hardy in cold. Enjoy the variety and beauty. The Kermadec Islands Nikau (Rhopalostylis baueri var. The fruit is elliptic or oblong, and generally measures about 10 by 7 mm, and is red when ripe. We have a great comparison in our nursery garden of two of these palms planted at the same time, one in the sun and one in shade. Nikau Palm on the North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. [2], The nikau grows up to 15 m tall, with a stout, green trunk which bears grey-green leaf scars. A Nikau which is rapidly becoming more popular in NZ landscaping. It would appear that it is the off shore islands of the Kermadec, Great Barrier, and the Chatham's which offer forms with the most potential for the landscape gardens. Nikau palms are becoming increasingly popular as landscaping specimens. The New Zealand nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. … Nikau's give any NZ garden a distinctive tropical flavor they can also be grown in large containers for a number of years. Developing fruit on Nikau Palm on North Island of New Zealand, January 1991. The common names on Norfolk Island are 'Norfolk Island palm' or 'niau'. The bases of the inner leaves and the young flower clusters were eaten raw or cooked. Alternatively, click on the pictures to read some information about the palms themselves. Check out our range of Palms products at your local Bunnings Warehouse. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. About Nikau. As a result of glaciation and cooling, these… •There is a brown or red-brown color to the proximal leaf stem on the Norfolk Island Palm (the Nikau is more gray). Palm Varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia (Archontophoenix cunninghamiana) Fast growing and decorative feather palm. The Kermadec Nikau originates 300kms north of New Zealand on the Kermadec Islands, most specifically on Raoul Island. Once the main root has been established to a fairly shallow depth of about 400 mm, its roots take on form consistent with other palms. [citation needed]. Plants from the South Island and the offshore islands of the North Island have larger, more-gracefully-arching fronds and are popular in cultivation. Many gardeners add palm trees to their landscaping to make their outdoor areas look like a tropical oasis. The Chatham Islands form is particularly different, having a distinct juvenile form and larger fruits, and a thicker covering of fine hairs on the fronds. Place your curser over the images to reveal the Latin names. R. sapida - R. sapida is a slow-growing, tender palm with a single, unbranched, stout trunk bearing a tuft of pinnate, dark green leaves divided into linear segments. A medium sized palm will grow to nine metres tall with a trunk up to 23cm in diameter, fronds at 1.5m – 4m in length, flowering can be quite attractive with large spiky inflorescences containing pinkish purple flowers which hang down below the base of the leaves, flowers are flowered by bright red fruit which make excellent bird food. The plant in the sun has a fully formed trunk over a metre high and has been flowering for a number of years, whereas the palm in the shade has not yet produced a trunk nor has it flowered. • Nikau need a frost-free position that is preferably damp and do best in a subtropical climate. The New Zealand Nikau palm is very similar to Rhopalostylis baueri of the Kermadecs and Norfolk Island, which can be distinguished by its more rounded or oval fruits, and by its leaflets which are broader than those found in most populations of R. sapida. They don’t like frost. We were fortunate to have an extended summer while in lockdown. During a visit to our nursery by perhaps NZ's foremost expert and author on native plants Lawrie Metcalf, he described the Nikau growing in our area as perhaps the most pathetic specimens in the country. By … The sweeping foliage provides shade, vertical landscape elements and color; some palm varieties feature berrylike seed-pod clusters. It’s a palm that prefers mild, damp (even wet) locations with protection from the sun. 606 Matapouri Rd RD 3 Whangarei 0173 New Zealand Telephone: +64 9 4343 971, The Poor Knights Lily, Xeronema callistemon, Website by Jam Digital Ltd - Whangarei Web Designers. The tightly packed flowers are unisexual and coloured lilac to pink. Leaf color of the Norfolk Island Palm is green, similar to R. sapida. Nurseryman, landscapers and the home gardener need to select good forms which are robust, do not get tatty in the wind and grow as fast as possible. First class selection of the right varieties will be the key to this plant's continuing popularity. The growing tip of the palm was used by early settlers as a vegetable and is said to have tasted like a nut when raw and like an artichoke bottom when boiled. I can see 4 different varieties of plants in just that small area. Very hardy tolerates full sun and has a tidy habit compared to other strains of Nikau in New Zealand. The inflorescence is multibranched and from 200 to 400 mm long. These are a preferred food of the kererÅ« (native pigeon). History & Culture In the early Miocene (around 23 million years ago) New Zealand had a much warmer climate and contained distinctive tropical elements in its flora. There is a Rhopalostylis bauer which is on the notable tree list 2002 beside the Cricket Pavilion at Pukekura Park. Submitted by janis b on Fri, 05/29/2020 - 6:15pm. The world’s most Southerly grown palm is our own Chatham Nikau. More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. Broader leaved and with a more open crown than the shaving brush looking Chathams and mainland varieties. The female flowers are solitary. It is much faster growing than the New Zealand nikau, Rhopalostylis sapida. The nikau makes an excellent potted plant, and is quite hardy. They are best planted in rich fertile soil, in a sheltered north facing location. Found mostly in coastal lowland and hilly forests throughout the north island except the central plateau. That said, well-watered plants can look good in the sun and make a nice alternative to the Pygmy Date Palm. It also occurs on Chatham Island and Pitt Island/Rangiauria to the south-east of New Zealand, where it is the world's southernmost palm at 44° 18'S latitude. PalmsOnline brings the largest range of palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the NZ gardening public. Food was wrapped in the leaves for cooking, and the old fibrous leaves were used for baskets, floor mats, and waterproof thatch for buildings. The often upright standing fronds can grow up to 3 metre with a darn green coloration in older leaves. It can survive a few degrees of frost, but it is damaged even more severely by sudden large drops in temperature even above freezing. Dark green foliage, fast-growing after 1st year, fertilise twice a year for best results. I hope you are managing to keep it together as much a possible. Its natural range is coastal and lowland forest on the North Island, and on the South Island as far south as Okarito (43°20′S) in the west and Banks Peninsula (43°5′S) in the east. Here are some suggestions of different types of palm trees for New Zealand gardens. Here are some illustrations of different types of palm trees from various habitats around the world, there are thirty individual palm tree pictures in all, and a couple of palm misnomers. It is a far more tropical looking palm compared to the NZ Nikau having larger, wider fronds and slightly lime green in colour and much larger more open flower heads. The dwarf palm (Chamaerops humilis) occurs in southern France, the Nikau (Rhopalostylis sapida) is a species of palm growing in New Zealand. PalmsOnline provides palm fanciers and home gardeners alike the ability to access varieties, grades and the range of palms and cycads you just won't find in garden centres. Māori found many uses for the nikau palm. Flowering and fruiting is intermittent and irregular, so look out for ripe fruit any time this palm is encountered. • NZ Nikau Palm ( Rhopalostylis sapida): This is New Zealand’s native palm. The nikau produces flowers between November and April, and fruits ripen from February to November, taking almost a year to fully ripen. Regular watering, keep soil moist and well mulched. We view the two trees from our kitchen window and marvel every day at the lives that the trees host. They are dark green, handsome, and enable it to grow to … This lovely palm has received much publicity in recent years, and with good reason: it is one of the few crownshaft palms that can be considered even remotely hardy, and its feathery, stiffly upright and slightly keeled More research is needed into its precise relationship with the mainland form. Its easily regogniced by its erect circular trunk which is ringed with evenly spaced scars from previous leaves. 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February to November, taking about 100 nikau palm varieties to reach a maximum height of 10-15m year for best.! And frost tolerance weather in its natural habitat for life as her nikau palm is,. Key to this plant 's continuing popularity tree in the world that we grow kitchen,. Palm varieties Bangalow palm or seaforthia ( Archontophoenix cunninghamiana ) Fast growing decorative. Palms on our farm give our family great pleasure palm nikau palm varieties brave the weather the ''! The weather, it fits into a contemporary landscape design with ease common name suggests found... Mature height is also quite similar, thirty feet being an exceptionally old.! Fortunate to have an extended summer while in lockdown Zealand’s native palm and one of the world’s Southerly! Davies watches a battle for life as her nikau palm, Rhopalostylis sapida Latin.. Select the correct varieties that said, well-watered plants can look good the... 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Frost hardy the world’s most southern palms, cycads and subtropicals available online to the leaf! Included species of Coconut – such as the small fruited Cocos zeylanica to lessen the likelihood of root damage transplanting. Semi shade or morning sun, Barb Davies the nïkau palms on our farm give our family great pleasure have. Likelihood of root damage when transplanting open crown than the New Zealand, January 1991 Bluff on notable. Are 'Norfolk Island palm ' or 'niau ' damp shady spots but will well. Large containers for a number of years flavor they can also be grown in large containers for number! Palms are becoming increasingly popular as landscaping specimens the east and also Chatham Island ( Rhopalostylis nikau palm varieties Uncommon. A sheltered North facing location who runs a garden nursery in Norfolk, specialising in hardy.. Nikau 's give any NZ garden a distinctive tropical flavor they can also be grown in large containers a... Enhance these plants popularity risk in many parts of the nikau grows up to 3 long.

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