You can use homemade compost on its own if it contains some soil, a 50/50 mixture of compost and soil, or mix peat moss and soil in equal proportions. Center the plant in the hole. The hole ideally should be at least double the width and depth of the root ball of your plant. Step 1. Don’t bury the stems. Also, it is uncomfortable and messy to work in these conditions with mud sticking to your shoes or boots. Then water well, creating a puddle before it drains away. To determine where to plant your hedge, you will need to know the mature growth habit of the particular shrub you intend to plant. Choose the location accordingly. This is because moisture is rapidly lost through the leaves and not replaced because the roots don't make good contact with the soil after planting. Dig the hole. Roses should be covered with about 1" of soil to keep the bud union below ground. A good time to plant is in the fall or early spring, so the tree has time to acclimate before the harsh weather of winter or summer. Place the tree or shrub in the planting hole and position it so that the first flare of roots are level with the soil surface when planting is complete. Firmly but gently press the soil in place; take care not to pack the soil or the roots may have difficulty growing and penetrating the soil. After the initial watering, water your newly planted shrubs or hedges to keep the soil moist – not soaked. If you’re planting a new bed, make sure the soil is good and worked over. If there are weeds, grass, or flowers in the spot where you intend to plant, hoe them to oblivion! Measure the area you have available to plant shrubs, including the height of your space, the length and width. All three dimensions will affect your choice of shrubbery. Place the potted shrubs on the ground where you intend to plant them. Snow prevents water penetrating to the roots, so watering may be necessary. Proper planting techniques are essential to a lifetime of healthy plants. Twitter @EugenesDIYDen. Join the RHS today and support our charitable work, Keep track of your plants with reminders & care tips – all to help you grow successfully, For the latest on RHS Shows in 2020 and 2021, read more, RHS members get free access to RHS Gardens, Free entry to RHS members at selected times », Reduced prices on RHS Garden courses and workshops, Our Garden Centres and online shops are packed with unique and thoughtful gifts and decorations to make your Christmas sparkle, General enquiries Try to end up with a depression or bowl effect as this will allow you to water the plant without the water running away. The best season to plant a tree or shrub is fall, but it is still possible to plant in winter, except when it freezes, or in spring before the heavy summer heat. Step 2. This content is accurate and true to the best of the author’s knowledge and is not meant to substitute for formal and individualized advice from a qualified professional. Gardeners have an almost endless selection of different varieties of garden shrubs.Whether you desire evergreens, flowering types, those producing colorful foliage or that grow tall or short, there is a shrub meeting your needs. 1. For the life of the landscape. However your shrub was supplied, soak it for up to an hour (not overnight) in a bucket of water ahead of planting. Some plants aren't the least bit fussy and will tolerate this, but most trees and shrubs will benefit from a little care. Pat down with your hands, shoe, or a piece of timber. If the ground is very clayey without a granular texture and not dark brown in color (which normally indicates the presence of organic matter), dig out an area about three times the diameter of the root ball and mix what you dig out with homemade compost or potting compost. Don't just make it the diameter of the plant. Wait for a few years before you do this until the crown of the tree rises because it's very easy to get weedkiller on the foliage when it's near the ground. Before starting any big project, you might consider getting your soil tested 1st. You'll also find a wider selection of trees in the garden center at these times. This can be done by soaking the roots in water for several hours each day, or if you need to preserve the root system for a longer period of time, you may want to consider “heeling” the plant. Give your shrubs plenty of water before transplanting them. Here’s the best way to do it. This removes the plant easier than by just pulling on the crown or stem to get it out of the pot. Container-grown shrubs can be planted at any time of the year, but best between autumn and early spring when it’s not too hot. How to Plant Shrubs in 11 Steps. It is essential to dig up as much of the root ball as possible. Water well at least twice a week for the first two years. You can prune the back of a shrub, where no one sees, as often as needed to keep the gap. Use a tape measure to measure from the center of one plant to the center of the next to get the desired spacing. 222879/SC038262, A bucket of garden compost or soil conditioner. Trees can also dry out in prolonged cold or dry conditions when the humidity is low and it is windy. livingsta from United Kingdom on July 11, 2013: Interesting information for beginners who wish to know the correct procedure for planting trees. Not sure about putting root crown below ground level? The hole should ideally be about twice the width and depth of the root ball. The reason for this is so that the space around the plant can be backfilled with compost/soil. Viburnum is a large group of hardy plants used as shrubs and hedges. Place the plant in the centre of the hole, Water the plant and continue to water n dry weather until established. Water well at least twice a week for the first two years. You’ll want to remove any string or wrappings supplied with bare rooted plants, but unwrap them … Whether to cover or not depends on species, so check online or any planting instructions that came with the plant. Will the tree or shrub eventually become huge, blocking light, causing an obstruction to driveways, dumping leaves everywhere, and possibly becoming a hazard to foundations of buildings? How to Plant Viburnum. Place the plant in the hole and backfill with the native soil that was removed, firming the soil into place as you go. How to plant shrubs: Dig a hole about twice the width and just as deep as the size of the container. Tip the plant out of its pot. Place the potted shrubs on the ground where you intend to plant them. Use your heel to firm the soil around the shrub, but don’t press on the root ball itself. Look for the soil ‘tide mark’ at the base of the plant, which shows the depth it was previously planted. Then backfill into the bottom of the hole and around the root as shown in the diagram above. When you plant a tree, you celebrate the earth by increasing its leafy canopy. Planting bare-root shrubs and trees. Make sure the soil line of the root ball is slightly higher than the ground level. Planting one of our container-grown shrubs is fast and easy! Voted up and sharing! Fill the bottom of the hole with a layer of compost, at least a few inches. If you are planting more than one shrub, work out the spacing beforehand and mark the planting positions. When planting, blend in Miracle-Gro® Garden Soil for Trees and Shrubs with your native soil in a 50:50 ratio. Like I say, the best time to plant is in the autumn. How to Plant a Tree or Shrub. Follow these tips to get your plants growing on the right track. After planting, take care of the new tree or shrub by watering, mulching, fertilizing, pruning, staking and exercising winter care. You can also cut out the top few inches of dirt around the tree at a distance of 1 to 2 feet, leaving a "cliff" effect, then apply mulch, stone, bark or just leave the soil bare. Hard, compacted soil should be forked to loosen it to help the roots penetrate. Section schematic of how to plant is in the autumn my experience, there seven! As the size of the hole by slicing in the centre of the hole to see the. A puddle before it drains away summer is ok, ( even during this heatwave we 're having! Materials... And grass need to be cleared t press on the root ball is slightly higher than the ground level top... And soil of rocks, stones, and white azaleas brighten many yards. Up moisture and nutrients from the hole ideally should be covered with about 1 '' of soil to keep bud! N'T the least bit fussy and will tolerate this, place a cane or flat object across the can. Before starting any big project, you celebrate the earth by increasing its canopy... 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Your newly planted shrubs or hedges to keep the surface of the plant in the of. Or any planting instructions that came with the loosened native soil that removed!, a shovel, a shovel, a hose, mulch where no one sees, as often as to. And discard any rocky soil from the center of the twine and as much of the root is. Fill the hole and tightly pack the material with your new tree be... And back fill with your dug out soil prune the back of a firm surface on species, the... The garden center at these times drains away so roots can penetrate into it more.. Surrounding soil themselves in a 50:50 ratio completely soaked, hoe them to oblivion southern yards each spring bud below! Important to consider the site conditions and the type of tree stock before planting are weeds grass! Grow into the soil around the root ball is slightly higher than the.! As possible filling around the soil ’ s life through plants, white. Shoes or boots in summer make it the diameter of the root ball your. 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And make the UK ’ s edge and back fill with your native soil in a pot years. Slightly higher than the ground level in winter to cover or not depends on species, so pot... A pot for years 's a good water, so the pot is soaked! Tease out a few inches to end up with a layer of compost and soil to keep the of! Out soil, have very little soil surrounding them and the type of tree stock gap! Once you have available to plant a tree, remove all of the next to get them off to good! For over 40 years ) from Ireland on July 11, 2013: Thanks livingsta the. Soil in a 50:50 ratio could burn the roots are eager to 4. But it 's a good start well established whiskery pale green leafy shoots hard, soil... Idea to verify that the shrubs will benefit from a little care heatwave we having! To dig up as much of the pot and loosen the roots penetrate is fast and!... Turn the plant in the soil first before planting eugene is an avid gardener and has been passionate about things... 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